Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://imsear.hellis.org/handle/123456789/169094
Title: Can Mechanization Reduce Labour and Water Demand in Agriculture? A Case of Rice Transplanters in Andhra Pradesh.
Authors: Reddy, K Gurava
Reddy, Kakumanu Krishna
Keywords: Machine Transplanting
Labour Utilization
Cost of Cultivation
Issue Date: Oct-2015
Citation: Reddy K Gurava, Reddy Kakumanu Krishna. Can Mechanization Reduce Labour and Water Demand in Agriculture? A Case of Rice Transplanters in Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology. 2015 Oct-Dec; 6(4): 29-34.
Abstract: Mechanization in agricultural sector is advancing in developing countries like India. Rice is a labour-intensive crop and requires about 80-90 labour days per acre. Timely availability of labour and water for various activities of rice is becoming a problem. The cost of the labor among the cultivation cost also increased from 15-18 % to 45-47% during the last decade. Water scarcity is also increasing due to climate variability in the country. Hence, to overcome labour shortage and sustain rice production with less water, the recent phenomenon observed in Andhra Pradesh state is the use of machine transplanters and harvesters. These are resulting in the process of mechanization and increasing their popularity during the recent years. The machinery transplantation was taken up in 21 farmers fields covering 0.4 ha each. The field observations from the farmers’ fields show that machinery transplantation reduces seed by 50 % and labour by 22%. The nursery cost for the machinery transplantation is higher compared to traditional transplantation method (by Rs 2330). The other major observations noticed during the validation of technology was, that number of hills per sq.m and tillers in a hill are higher compared to the manual transplantation, resist lodging during heavy floods. The effective tillers in a hill range from 12-15 and also increase the panicle grain number. The yield of rice was found to be higher by 6-7 q/ha compared to the manual transplanting. The total variable cost with the machine transplantation does not show any significant difference with the transplantation method. Government is also promoting machine transplanters through subsidized policy to the farming community. However, relevant capacity building programs on the mat nursery preparation for machine transplanting is lacking.
URI: http://imsear.hellis.org/handle/123456789/169094
ISSN: 0976-4550
Appears in Collections:International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology

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